Bhakti Yoga a Review of Ancient System
Bhakti yoga is the portion of the ancient Indian philosophy that deals with the worship and devotion. This section is mostly elucidated in the Vedas and the contemplative formalism is also described in the Bhagavad-Gita. This is the direct path to the cosmic consciousness but seems little lengthier path as compared with the other form of wisdom as jnana yoga.
It is noted that this path shows a clear distinction between the self-consciousness and the absolute consciousness initially. This is the easiest and the safest path which finally leads to the union with the cosmic consciousness. The component of this path is more or less included in all another path which is the complete surrender to the cosmic consciousness. This is stated in the Patanjali as “the power of Samadhi can be obtained by surrendering oneself to the divine consciousness”.
This path can be termed as the mere selfless devotion where the devotee should be possessed with truthfulness and kindness wellbeing. By doing the evil and sinful things and then worshiping the divine will not come under this section. The clear intellect with selfless reflectiveness is required for this bhakti yoga which also includes the passion for serving.
Insights of bhakti yoga
The term bhakti is rooted from the Sanskrit word ‘bhaj’ which means to adore or to partake. In the traditional way, the term bhakti is considered as the love of god which is considered as the supreme of all religious beliefs. From the view of bhakti yoga, it comes out from the heart (Anahata chakra) where the ecstatic bliss and love can be experienced. It is not confined to anything. This is the divine love and a feeling of transcendence that spills over to everybody.
The supremacy of bhakti yoga is that the culmination of all kinds of yoga practices lies in it. It is said that all other forms of yoga are the progression towards the bhakti yoga where the unity with the divine principle becomes apparent.
As in Bhagavad-Gita, one can see that the karma yoga is the first step towards the path of the renunciation of the fruits of actions. This takes one to further step with the clear perspective of the knowing and knowledge termed as the jnana yoga. Then the perfected man reaches the stage where he surpasses the ashtanga yoga and reaches the final state of consciousness with the bhakti yoga. This is the highest perfection in yoga.
As I have mentioned that these forms of yoga are interrelated in the path of spiritual progression, however, this term bhakti or devotion is bequeathed in all religious beliefs towards the Supreme Being. Even though the highest perfection is attained with the bhakti yoga, it is also present in the primary stage of yoga.
In the case of religious views, it has the disadvantage which is the apparent and existing one that leads the bhakti to the lowest level. As Swami Vivekananda noted that this bhakti in its lowest form degenerates into hideous fanaticism. This is the lowest plane of bhakti that still exists in all the religions Hinduism, Islamism, Christianity, etc. This can be clearly stated as “All the weak and undeveloped in every religion or country have only one way of loving their own ideal i.e., by hating every other ideal”.
Bhakti yoga is the one which outshines all such ideals and it has resulted from the divine aspect of love. (see also How Yogic Practice Controls the Mind Over Love? )
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The book “Why Kundalini Meditation So Special?” gives a clear understanding of such practices and more over a guide for those who seek the path in this field.